Find ip address of websites

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Easy way to find ip address of websites in windows.

We can use windows nslookup command to view the ip address of the websites we desire.

try this command

c:\>nslookup www.hotmail.com

You’ll see the following output

DNS request timed out.

timeout was 2 seconds.

Server:  UnKnown

Address:  192.168.2.1

Non-authoritative answer:

Name:    origin.mail.live.com

Addresses:  64.4.20.174

64.4.20.184

64.4.20.186

64.4.20.169

Aliases:  www.hotmail.com

toplevel.mail.live.com.akadns.net

[How To] How to generate Table of Contents in Microsoft Word 2007

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Basic steps to generate Table of Contents in Microsoft Word 2007 are

  1. Define Styles

1.1. Assign Styles

  1. Assign Levels
  2. Generate Table of Contents

The above three steps are the basic outlines. Now we’ll look on detail on each of them.

Step 1. Define Styles

Styles are the pre-defined formatting in Word. See figure below.

Styles
Styles

To generate we can define our own styles or we can use the one provided by default in windows. I define my own styles.

How to define our own styles ?

  • From main menu select Home.
  • Then click the icon as shown in above figure.
  • Then you’ll see dialog box something like below, then click the icon hightlighted in red.
Styles Dialog Box
Styles Dialog Box

Then you’ll see dialogbox as shown below.

Style Settings
Style Settings

Now supply the Name for your heading, I used “Report Main Heading”

Leave other fields as it it. Under Formatting

Select the font face type and size for your main heading. You can also set the justification and spacing for you heading. If you want to control more settings then you’ll have to click the format button which is at the bottom-left side of the dialog box.

After you’ve successfully defined your style. Hit OK. Then the style defined recently will be shown in the styles listing.

Likewise define styles for your sub-heading and other mini-heading too, depending on your requirements.

I defined two more styles with following settings.

Name : Report Sub-Heading

Indentation : Justification                              Spacing : 1.5 lines

Formatting :

Font face : Times New Roma                         Size : 14pt Bold

Name : Report Mini-heading

Indentation : Justification                               Spacing :1.5 lines

Formatting :

Font face : Times New Roma                         Size : 12pt Bold

Finally, All styles defined the Styles dialog box looks like

Style Listing Defined
Style Listing Defined

The one highlighted in red are the styles, we defined.

Step 1.1. How to Assign Styles to Heading ?

This is very easy, put the cursor inside the Heading and then click on the Style you defined. If you have defined the style like mine. Then put the cursor inside the Heading then click on Report Main Heading. Then the style is assigned to that paragraph.

If you’ve followed me till here, then the rest is just click-click.

Step 2. Assign Levels.

Before continuing with this step, you’ll have to know something about levels in table of contents.

Chapter 1                   – Level1

Chapter 1.1                – Level2

Chapter 1.1.1             – Level3

Chapter 1.1.1.1           – Level4

Chapter 2                   – Level1

Chapter 2.1                – Level2

Chapter 3                   – Level1

I hope you got some idea how we define levels to our Headings in Word. Now all We have to do is assigned levels and styles to our heading. That will be displayed in our table of contents.

How to assign Levels ?

To assign levels, select the heading, From Main Menu > References

Then in upper right side you’ll find a button “Add Text “. Click that button you’ll see the drop down list, from there select the level you desired. I am going to use the above example here. So I would select the Chapter 1 and then click on Add Text and select Level 1.

Similarly I would select the Chapter 1.1 and assign it Level 2.

Similarly I would select the Chapter 1.1.1 and assign it Level 3.

Now, Assigning Levels greater then 3 is a bit tricky. For that we have to select the multiple headings, and then omit the assignment of Level4 and leave assignment to only those heading where we require them.

To select multiple headings hold down ctrl key and highlight the headings, on which you want to assign levels.

After you’ve finished assigning levels to all heading, Now, we are ready to generate table of contents.

Place the cursor where you want to generate Table of Contents. Then

From Main Menu select References, Click on “Table of Contents” which is located on top-right section of the ribbon bar. Then click on “Insert Table of Contents.” Finally you’ll have table of contents which is generated automatically by Microsoft Word 2007. Now you’ve full control over the table of contents, whenever the heading gets changed to next page, then you can simply update the table of contents page by clicking the Update Table Icon .

Update TOC
Update TOC

Benefits of Generation of Automatic Table of Contents

· Automatic Update of Page Numbers

Before continuing with this step, you’ll have to know something about levels in table of contents.

Chapter 1 – Level1

Chapter 1.1 – Level2

Chapter 1.1.1 – Level3

Chapter 1.1.1.1 – Level4

Chapter 2 – Level1

Chapter 2.1 – Level2

Chapter 3 – Level1

I hope you got some idea how we define levels to our Headings in Word. Now all We have to do is assigned levels and styles to our heading. That will be displayed in our table of contents.

Increase battery life of your laptop

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I have just bought a new laptop and I am very conscious about accessories of my laptop. Especially I was concerned about the life of my laptop’s battery. So I made some explorations and found some general facts and simple rules and experimented versions from different people that claim to maintain the health of laptop battery. Here are some of the general rules, that I think works for most of the people.

  1. Do not overcharge your laptop battery.
  2. Do not regularly recharge your laptop battery. People are often seemed to recharge laptop battery when the battery goes below 30%-20%. But recharging battery frequently would only decrease the efficiency of laptop battery and also decrease the life of your laptop battery.
  3. Peoridically drain your laptop battery until it discharge totally upto 5% or something near. And then recharge it again but without using any software. Or without actually using the laptop. In other words, recharge the battery in shutdown mode.
  4. To preserve the charge of your laptop, you can put your laptop to sleep when not in use. You can also put your laptop to sleep when you think you have to use your laptop frequently.
  5. Wireless card, bluetooth, LAN card consumes the most of the battery charge so when plug is unplugged, when not in use, disable them or turn them off. Doing so will prevent the wastage of battery charge.

Although I cannot suggest or recommend you to fully trust these guidelines, however doing so ensures your battery life. If anything happens to your laptop or to your laptop battery following these guidelines, I will not be responsible for that.

Have funs, have a nice day ahead.

Wind Energy Scenario in Mustang ( Research First Time in Nepal)

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Mustang District is one of the favourite tourist destination of Nepal. So the demand of electricity for this region is very high. People in this area still depend upon traditional energy resources; such as firewood kerosene and other petroleum products to fulfill the energy demand except in some potential places where solar and micro hydropower in use for the lightning purposes. In this context it should be noted that Mustang is one of the high wind energy potential areas of Nepal.

Based on the wind data of Mustang district collected by AEPC, the wind velocity at hub height of 20 m was recorded as 75 m/s at maximum. This is the highest wind velocity recorded at any place in Nepal till date. According to the SWERA (Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment in Nepal) report prepared by AEPC, the annual average wind power density (WPD) of Mustang District is 332 watt/m2. Wind power density less than or equal to 100 Watt/m2 are not useful for wind energy harnessing. WPD greater than 200 Watt/m2 are normally taken for consideration for non grid connected power generation while greater than 300 Watt/m2 are considered as grid connectivity wind energy in developing countries. The analysis shows area above 300 Watt/m2 composed of 30 sq km and with 5 MW installed per sq km, yields 150 MW.

Wind-Turbine in Mustang
Wind-Turbine in Mustang

These areas have been calculated on a conservative basis so that the exploitable area for wind energy can be increased by covering greater area from the national grid and especially analyzed in specific areas with greater wind energy potential.

Studies have shown that there is high potential for wind power generation in the Mustang district, small wind turbine systems of 1500 watt could be easily installed to electrify the area without long-term data. Wind Power System would help in conservation of environment and forest by reducing carbon emissions thereby making the area pollution free. Wind energy can be used to provide electricity for the people and Mustang would be a model village that uses sustainable power generation through wind energy.

(Source : http://www.energy.keckist.edu.np)